The Pennsylvania Office of Inspector General (OIG) was first established by Executive Order in 1979 within the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. To further protect the state's interest, Executive Order 1987-7 was issued to create a state wide OIG within the Executive Office of the Governor, possessing authority which encompasses all executive agencies. The Pennsylvania Inspector General is appointed by, and reports to, the Governor.
The OIG is primarily responsible for investigating fraud, waste, abuse, and misconduct in executive agencies. To meet this duty, the OIG maintains staff in the Harrisburg headquarters office, as well as in regional offices in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. Investigative reports are submitted to agency heads and the Governor’s Office of General Counsel, recommending appropriate corrective action, including employee discipline, sanctions or remedial actions for contractors, and improved policies for agencies. When applicable, the OIG recommends cases for referral by the Office of General Counsel to an appropriate agency for criminal prosecution, or to the State Ethics Commission for ethics violations. The OIG also assists federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate and prosecute fraud against the Commonwealth. Additionally, the OIG conducts investigations regarding independent state agencies upon the request and cooperation of the agency.
Since 1994, the OIG is also responsible for investigating and prosecuting welfare fraud and for conducting collection activities for public assistance programs administered by the Department of Human Services (DHS). The OIG employees who perform welfare fraud detection and prevention initiatives and collection activities have a statewide presence. The OIG is headquartered in Harrisburg and operates regional offices in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and Wilkes-Barre. Partnering with DHS, the OIG works to ensure that those who rightfully deserve benefits receive them. When appropriate, the OIG works with local district attorneys to prosecute those who received benefits fraudulently. These initiatives are designed to maintain the integrity of the public assistance programs.